Please Note: This information is provided as a service to the general public and this particular major may not necessarily be offered by Marietta College. For a list of degrees and majors offered by Marietta College please visit www.marietta.edu/Academics/

Area

Employer

Area:

Research and Development

Sub-Area:
  • Basic
  • Applied
  • Quality Control
  • Administration
  • Grant Writing
Employers:
  • Industry and laboratories:
    • Pharmaceutical
    • Healthcare
    • Agriculture production
    • Food processing and safety
    • Environmental
  • Private research institutions
  • Public health departments
  • State and federal government:
    • National Science Foundation
    • National Institutes of Health
    • Food and Drug Administration
    • Environmental Protection Agency
    • Department of Agriculture
    • Armed Services
    • Department of Homeland Security
  • State and local government laboratories/agencies
  • Colleges and universities

Area:

Organismal Biology

Sub-Area:
  • Some Areas of Specialization
  • Botany and Plant sciences
  • Ecology and Wildlife
  • Marine and Aquatic
  • Systematic (Taxonomy)
  • Zoology
  • Entomology
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology
    • Bacteria
    • Algae
    • Fungi
    • Molds
    • Yeasts
    • Viruses
    • Protozoa
Employers:
  • Colleges and universities, especially colleges of agriculture and veterinary medicine
  • Veterinary hospitals
  • State and federal government:
    • Departments of Agriculture, Interior, and Health
  • Independent laboratories:
    • Food production
    • Textiles
    • Chemical
    • Pharmaceutical
    • Forestry products
  • Zoos and aquariums
  • Fish hatcheries
  • Wildlife preserves and parks
  • Conservation agencies
  • Botanical gardens and arboretums
  • Museums
  • Agricultural experiment stations
  • Inspection agencies and control boards
  • National and international environmental organizations
  • Private recreation organizations

Area:

Biomedical Sciences

Sub-Area:
    Some Areas of Specialization:
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Biology
  • Cytology
  • Genetics
  • Immunology
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology
  • Virology
Employers:
  • Colleges and universities
  • Professional schools including colleges of pharmacy, dentistry, medicine, veterinary medicine, and agriculture
  • Federal laboratories and regulatory agencies:
    • National Institutes of Health
    • Food and Drug Administration
  • State and local public health departments
  • Clinics and hospitals
  • Private research foundations
  • Independent laboratories
  • Pharmaceutical companies

Area:

Healthcare

Sub-Area:
  • Medicine
  • Dentistry
  • Optometry
  • Podiatry
  • Pharmacy
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • Allied Health
    • Occupational Therapy
    • Physical Therapy
  • Medical Technology
  • Nuclear Medicine
Employers:
  • Hospitals
  • Medical centers and clinics
  • Nursing homes
  • Private practice
  • Armed services
  • Government agencies

Area:

Bioinformatics

Sub-Area:
  • Algorithm and Statistics Development
  • Data Analysis and Interpretation
  • Information Management
  • Organization and Retrieval
Employers:
  • Colleges and universities
  • Private research foundations
  • Independent laboratories:
    • Organic and agricultural chemicals
    • Drug and pharmaceutical
    • Medical device and equipment
    • Research, testing, medical
  • Federal laboratories and regulatory agencies:
    • National Institutes of Health
    • Food and Drug Administration
    • Environmental Protection Agency
    • Department of Agriculture
  • National Biological Information Infrastructure

Area:

Education

Sub-Area:
  • Teaching
    • Elementary
    • Secondary
    • Post-Secondary
  • Non-classroom Education
Employers:
  • Universities and colleges
  • Medical and other professional schools
  • Public and private schools, K-12
  • Museums
  • Zoos
  • Nature centers and parks

Area:

Communication

Sub-Area:
  • Technical Writing
  • Editing
  • Illustrating
  • Photography
Employers:
  • Publishing companies including scientific magazines, professional journals, periodicals, textbooks, and online publishers
  • Newspapers
  • Educational and scientific software companies
  • Zoological and environmental societies
  • Medical, dental and veterinary colleges
  • Research centers
  • Federal government agencies
  • Related nonprofit organizations
  • Museums

Area:

Legislation/Law

Sub-Area:
  • Lobbying
  • Regulatory Affairs
  • Science Policy
  • Patent Law
  • Environmental Law
Employers:
  • Federal and state government
  • Law firms
  • Large corporations

Area:

Business/Industry

Sub-Area:
  • Technical and Pharmaceutical Sales
  • Management
  • Consulting
  • Marketing
Employers:
  • Manufacturing companies including:
    • Pharmaceuticals
    • Animal pharmaceuticals
    • Laboratory equipment
    • Medical supplies and prostheses
  • Marketing firms
  • Consulting firms

General Information and Strategies

  • A Bachelor's degree will qualify one for work as a laboratory assistant, technician, technologist, or research assistant in education, industry, government, museums, parks, and gardens.
  • An undergraduate degree can also be used for nontechnical work in writing, illustration, sales, photography, and legislation.
  • Master's degrees allow for more opportunities in research and administration. Some community colleges will hire Master's level teachers.
  • Doctoral degrees are necessary for advanced research and administrative positions, university teaching, and independent research.
  • An advanced degree provides the opportunity to specialize in fields of interest.
  • The biological sciences are good preparation for a career in healthcare such as medicine, dentistry, and veterinary science, but professional degrees and licenses are also necessary to practice in these fields.
  • Learn laboratory procedures and become familiar with equipment.
  • Obtain summer, part-time, volunteer, co-op, or internship experience to test the fields of interest and gain valuable experience. Take independent research classes if possible.
  • Participate in summer research institutes. Submit research to local poster competitions or research symposiums.
  • Develop strong analytical, computer, mathematics, and communications skills.
  • Join professional associations and community organizations to stay abreast of current issues in the field and to develop networking contacts.
  • Read scientific journals related to your area of interest.
  • Maintain a high grade point average to improve chances of graduate and professional school admission.
  • Become familiar with the specific entrance exam for graduate or professional schools in your area of interest.
  • Secure strong relationships and personal recommendations from professors and/or employers.
  • Consider completing a post doctoral experience after graduate school.
  • Learn federal, state, and local government job application process. The federal government is the largest employer of biologists.
  • Gain experience with grant writing and fundraising techniques. Often research must be funded in this manner.