Study Guide #3 -
- What are the basic needs of a plant?
- Why do plants need roots?
- What role does water play in the reproduction
of primitive plants?
- How have advanced plants eliminated the need
for water in reproduction?
- What 3 problems did plants have to face when
moving onto land?
- How did plants solve these 3 problems?
- What are the 3 main parts of a plant?
- What are the 3 main tissues of a plant?
- What is a meristem?
- What are the 2 types of meristems? What
do they do? Where are they located?
- What is differentiation?
- What 4 tissue types did we discuss in
class? What does each do?
- What is xylem composed of? What is
unique about xylem tissue?
- What does phloem do? What is unique
about the sieve tube members?
- What is the difference between a primary and
- What are the 3 parts of a root that we
- What is the cortex of a root? The
epidermis? The endodermis?
- Where is the casparian strip and what does it
- What 3 forces together move water up a
plant? What role does each play?
- What 3 forces make transpiration work to move
water up a tree?
- Where does the energy come from to move water
up a tree?
- What is sap? How, where and when does
- How do plant roots take up water?
- What is a halophyte?
- What are the two layers of meristem tissue in
a tree stem? What do they produce?
- Why do trees form annual rings in the xylem?
- What 5 materials are needed for
- How is each of these taken up? What does each
do in the plant?
- Do you know and understand Table 39.1?
- What does the NPK on fertilizers stand for?
- How is mineral availability affected by soil?
- What are epiphytes?
- Be able to discuss modern agricultural
- What is the difference between lentic and
- What are the various marine habitats?
- What is a wetland?
- List the various examples (types) of wetlands
and describe each.
- How much of the Earth's surface is covered by
- Why are wetlands so productive?
- Why are wetlands destroyed?
- What is eutrophication? What is
- How does cultural eutrophication occur?
- What problems are caused by eutrophication?
- How do plants handle gas exchange?
- What gases do plants take in? Get rid
- Distinguish between
osmosis and diffusion.
- How are water balance
and gas exchange linked?
- Can you draw/explain the water,
phosphorous, carbon and nitrogen cycles?
- What are stomata?
- What is an estuary?
- What is cavitation?
- What is the region of a plant where leaves
- What are the zones of a lake?
- What separates the epilimnion from the
- What are the regions of the ocean?
- What do benthic, littoral, pelagic,
limnetic and intertidal mean?
- What plants dominate each type of wetland?
- Which wetlands are acidic? Alkaline?
- What is cellulose? Lignin? Chlorophyll?
- What nutrient is in short supply in
bogs? Why? How do plants deal with this?
- What does aposematism mean?
- What are the various types of interactions
- Distinguish between parasitism,
commensalism and mutualism.
- Know which interactions are symbiotic.
- Be able to complete the table of organism
- Be able to give a specific example of each
type of interaction.
- Recognize plant macronutrients and
- Know to what use plants put each of the
- How did plants evolve to live on
land? What probelems did they have to solve?
- How does water get to the top of a tall
Other study hints:
- Know the definitions of all
boldface terms in the text. Use the glossary and make
- Many figure in the book will be
important. Refer to your notes and study figures I mentioned in
- Be able to give specific
examples in answering general questions.
- Be able to make simple,
logical mathematical calculations (calculators
- Pay particular attention to
material on deserts and excretion that did not make it
onto the 2nd test. Regardless of how far we get in class, you will be
responsible for all reading on the current test.
- All tests are cumulative. You
will see questions from earlier tests on subsequent ones,
and entirely new questions on old material are possible
(but not likely).
- Essay questions will ask you
to expand on the objective material mentioned above, or
to explain in more detail why some phenomena develop;
i.e. why (how) does modern agriculture work?
- Many of the questions above
will be on the test but they may be altered - read
- There will be other questions
on the test - read your notes and the book!
notes! - Ask questions in class! - Study with a friend. - Quiz
each other. - Get a good night's sleep before the test.
Try concept mapping: Get
some blank paper (try a recycling bin, use the back). Write down
a key term (biomagnification). Now, draw lines from the term to
blank areas on the page. Begin to add new information 4
things that are necessary for biomagnification, 4 things that
biomagnify, etc. Make links to the new topics. Continue until the
paper is full. Start over with a new term.
Get in the Mood: Study
early and often. If you cant find a quiet place, tune out
the background with lively, non-vocal music. A fast beat keeps
you motivated; vocal would distract from processing language
information (reading). Try Jazz or New-Age music, the same sort
of thing you would listen to for jogging. David Sanborn, David
Benoit, Peter White, Spyro Gyra, Mannheim Steamroller, even John
Tesh (really) are all good bets.