Biology 102 Spring, 2010
Study Guide #2 -
- What is succession?
- How does succession
- What is the
relationship between succession and biomes?
- What characterizes
climax and pioneer communities?
- How does a pioneer
community differ from a climax community in terms
of environment, biomass, energy consumption,
nutrient cycling, species diversity, etc.?
- Where are temperate
deciduous forests, temperate rainforests, tropical rain forests, and
taiga found? What kinds of trees characterize
them? What about their climates? Soils?
- How many humans will there be in
- How many humans are there now?
- How does industrialization create
- What is the biggest single water
pollution problem in the US today?
- What are 4 types of air (water)
- What 4 things are necessary for
- How toxic is DDT to humans?
- Who was Rachel Carson? Stevie
- What are some sublethal effects
- List __ other materials that
- What modern pesticides have
- How are modern pesticides
different than DDT?
- What problems do modern
pesticides solve? What new problems do they create?
- What are some other pollutants?
- What are 3 causes of cancer?
- For what 3 reasons may cells grow
- What are the 2 types of tumors?
Compare and contrast them.
- Distinguish between oncogenes and
tumor supressors and give an example of how each might operate.
- What is p53? How does it work to
- What treatments are there for
cancer? What are the advantages/ disadvantages of each?
- Distinguish between a sere and a
- What are the 3 mechanisms of
- What types of birds are more
susceptible to biomagnification? Why?
- How do mercury and PCB's get into
water? What problems do they cause?
- What problems do PCB's and
Mercury cause when ingested?
- What is the difference between
primary and secondary succession? Can you give/recognize
examples of each?
will be questions asking you to complete tables
Other study hints:
- Know the definitions of all
boldface terms in the text. Use the glossary and make
- Know and be able explain all figures in
the text. Also, know any figures placed on the
board or in the notes. I don't expect artistic perfection, but rather a
diagrammatic approach that demonstrates that you know and
understand the material.
- Be able to give specific
examples of ecological and other phenomena such as
competitive exclusion or trophic levels.
- Be able to make simple,
logical mathematical calculations, for example: If there is 1,000 pounds of
grass, what is the greatest weight of tertiary consumers
that you might have in a food chain starting with grass?
- Essay questions will ask you
to expand on the objective material mentioned above, or
to explain in more detail why some phenomena develop;
i.e. why (how) does succession proceed?
- Many of the questions above
will be on the test but they may be altered - read
- There will be other questions
on the test - read your notes, the web pages and the book!
- See the material on the web,
Re-write your notes! -
Ask questions in class! - Study with a friend. - Quiz each other.
- Get a good night's sleep before the test.
Try concept mapping: Get
some blank paper (try a recycling bin, use the back). Write down
a key term (biomagnification). Now, draw lines from the term to
blank areas on the page. Begin to add new information 4
things that are necessary for biomagnification, 4 things that
biomagnify, etc. Make links to the new topics. Continue until the
paper is full. Start over with a new term.
Get in the Mood: Study
early and often. If you cant find a quiet place, tune out
the background with lively, non-vocal music. A fast beat keeps
you motivated; vocal would distract from processing language
information (reading). Try Jazz or New-Age music, the same sort
of thing you would listen to for jogging. David Sanborn, David
Benoit, Peter White, Spyro Gyra, Mannheim Steamroller, even John
Tesh (really) are all good bets.