A1: Do you think that people work better if their pay is directly tied to the quantity and quality of their work?
A2: Some have expressed the following: "It's too bad that some people are poor while others are rich. But we can't fix that: if the government were to make sure that everyone had the same income, we would all be poor, since no one would have any material incentive to work hard." Have you heard such a theory or not? If yes, then how often?
b) Once or twice
c) Never heard it
A3: Do you yourself personally agree with this theory?
A4: Suppose the government wants to undertake a reform to improve the productivity of the economy. As a result, everyone will be better off, but the improvement in life will not affect people equally. A million people (people who respond energetically to the incentives in the plan and people with certain skills) will see their incomes triple while everyone else will see only a tiny income increase, about 1 percent. Would you support this plan?
A5: Is it important to you that your work benefits the country, and is not just to make money?
a) Very important
b) Somewhat important
c) Not important
A7: Suppose you have agreed to lend a friend some money for six months, so that he will not miss a good opportunity to buy a summer home. Suppose banks are offering interest rates of 3 percent per year. Would you charge him interest on the loan?
A8: If you went on a vacation with friends and there were a lot of shared expenses, would there be a careful accounting of who spent what and a settling of accounts afterwards?
A9: A new railway line makes travel between city and summer homes positioned along this rail line substantially easier. Accordingly, summer homes along this railway become more desirable. Is it fair if rents are raised on summer homes there?
A10: In your opinion, what inheritance tax rate for really wealthy people do you think we should have? A tax rate of 0 percent means that they can pass all of their wealth to their children, making them as rich as their parents. A rate of 50 percent means that they can pass half to their children. A rate of 100 percent means that they can pass none at all to their children.
B2: On a holiday, when there is a great demand for flowers, their prices usually go up. Is it fair for flower sellers to raise their prices like this?
B3: Should the government introduce limits on the increase in prices of flowers, even if it might produce a shortage of flowers?
B4: Which of the following achievements would please you more?
a) You win fortune without fame: you make enough money through successful business dealings so that you can live very comfortably for the rest of your life.
b) You win fame without fortune: for example you win a medal at the Olympics or you become a respected journalist or scholar.
B5: Suppose that a group of your friends are starting a business that you think is very risky and could fail but might also make investors in that business rich. Would you be tempted to invest a substantial portion of your savings in it?
B6: If the price of coffee on the world market suddenly increased by 30 percent, what do you think is likely to be the blame?
a) interventions of some government
b) such things as bad harvest in Brazil or unexpected changes in demand
c) speculators' efforts to raise prices
B7: You are standing in a long line to buy something. You see that someone comes to the line and is very distressed that the line is so long, saying he is in a great hurry and absolutely must make this purchase. A person at the front of the line offers to let him take his place in line for $10. Would you be annoyed at this deal even though it won't cause you to wait any longer?
B8: How likely is it, from your point of view, that the government in the next few years will take measures, in one way or another, to prevent those who have saved a great deal from making use of their savings?
B9: Suppose that for certain reasons you are offered a 10% increase in the duties you perform at your work place with the following terms: your workweek will be increased by 1/10 (say you will work an additional half a day) and your take-home pay will also increase by 10%. If you take this offer, this has no other effects on your prospects for promotion or relations with co-workers. Do you consider it attractive to have less free time, but more money, so that you would take this offer, or would you decide to reject it?
B10: Suppose that economists have come to the conclusion that we could substantially improve our standard of living in the next year if we would be willing to accept a 30 percent inflation rate. This means that our incomes would rise by more than 30 percent. Then we could buy more goods at the new higher prices. Would you support such a proposal?
B11: A small factory produces kitchen tables and sells them at $200 each. There is so much demand for the tables that it cannot meet it fully. The factory decides to raise the price of its tables by $20, when there was no change in the costs of producing tables. Is this fair?
B12: Apart from fairness, should the factory have the right to raise the price in this situation?
C1: Suppose that as a result of successful business dealings you unexpectedly became rich. How do you imagine it would be received by your relatives at a holiday gathering? Would they congratulate you and show great interest, or would they be judgmental and contemptuous?
a) They would show interest, would congratulate
b) They would be judgmental and contemptuous
c) They would be quiet, indifferent
C2: If you ever became rich, would you really like to spend some of the money by purchasing really fashionable clothes, expensive cars, or other extravagant items that make an impression on people?
C3: Which of the following qualities is more important for the manager of a company?
a) The manager must show good will in his relation to workers and win their friendship.
b) The manager must be a strict enforcer of work discipline, giving incentives to hard workers and punishing laggards.
C4: Suppose that the government wishes to reduce consumption of gasoline. They propose two methods of attaining this goal. First, the government could prohibit gas stations from selling, for example, more than five gallons to one person. Second, the government could put a tax on gasoline, and prices of gasoline would go up. From your point of view, which of these methods is better?
C5: Do you think that those who try to make a lot of money will often turn out to be not very honest people?
C6: Suppose the price of electricity rises fourfold, from 10 cents per kilowatt hour to 40 cents per kilowatt hour. No other prices change. Suppose also that at the same time your monthly income increases by exactly enough to pay for the extra cost of electricity without cutting back on any of your other expenditures. Please evaluate how your overall material well-being has changed. Would you consider your situation:
a) somewhat better off
b) exactly the same
c) somewhat worse off
C7: How likely do you think it is that in the next few years the government will, in some way, nationalize most private businesses with little or no compensation to the owners? Is such nationalization quite likely, possible, unlikely, or impossible?
a) quite likely
C8: Grain traders in capitalist countries sometimes hold grain without selling it, putting it in temporary storage in anticipation of higher prices later. Do you think this "speculation" will cause more frequent shortages of flour, bread, and other such grain products? Or will it cause such shortages to become rarer?
a) shortages more common
b) shortages less common
c) no effect on shortages
C9: Do you think that, if you worked independently today as a businessman and received profit, your friends and acquaintances would respect you less and not treat you as you desire?
C10: A small merchant company buys vegetables from some rural people, brings the vegetables to the city, and sells them, making from this a large profit. The company honestly and openly tells the rural people what it is doing, and these people freely sell the company the vegetables at the agreed price. Is this behavior of the company, making large profits using the rural people, acceptable from a moral point of view?